The year saw the sector contract by a provisional 19.5% compared to 9.8% in the previous year with fewer homes and non-residential buildings being constructed. The homes that were built reduced in size, while unemployment in the sector continued to increase.
The main developments in 2012 were:
a) The construction sector continued for the fourth consecutive year to be in recession. The rate of growth of the sector in 2012 (in terms of value added at constant prices) is provisionally estimated to have recorded a decrease of 19.5% compared to a decline of 9.8% in 2011.
b) The gross output of the sector at current market prices was reduced in 2012 by 20.7% to €2,250.8 million compared to €2,836.7 million in 2011. The subsector of buildings construction and civil engineering recorded a decrease of 20.9%, while the subsector of land and buildings development registered a decline of 19.3%.
c) New residential buildings accounted for 31.4% of the total gross output of the subsector of buildings construction and civil engineering, new non-residential buildings (offices, shops, hotels, factories, etc.) for 21.6% and new civil engineering projects (roads and bridges, water supply and sewerage networks, telecommunications and electricity lines etc.) for 26.4%, while repairs, maintenance and others accounted for the remaining 20.6%.
d) Employment in the sector was reduced from 33,039 persons in 2011 to 28,562 persons in 2012 and accounted for 7.8% of the gainfully employed population.
e) The number of persons registered as unemployed increased from 4,424 persons in 2011 to 6,177 persons in 2012.
f) Labour cost in construction increased by 1.2% compared to an increase of 2.5% in 2011. The price index of construction materials recorded a rise of 0.2% compared to 4.1% in 2011.
g) The number of new dwellings completed decreased by 27.8% to 6,565 dwelling units compared to 9,091 in the previous year. By administrative district, the number of new dwellings is distributed as follows: Lefkosia (Nicosia) 2,534, Ammochostos (Famagusta) 325, Larnaka 1,273, Lemesos (Limassol) 1,548 and Paphos 885.
h) The average area per dwelling completed in 2012 was 234 square metres for houses and 128 square metres for apartments, compared to 239 and 131 respectively in 2011.
i) The cost of construction per square metre (excluding the value of land) rose from €943.1 in 2011 to €988.1 in 2012 for houses and from €830.0 to €831.9 for apartments.
j) The dwelling stock at the end of the year amounted to 430 thousand dwelling units, of which 62.5% were in the urban areas.
Construction and Housing Statistics, 2012 (244 pages – English and Greek)