CYPRUS was among those countries with the highest number and percentage of non-implemented or partially implemented recommendations by the Council of Europe’s anti-corruption body GRECO.
In its 2018 report, Turkey topped the list of countries with the highest number of non-implemented or only partially implemented recommendations, (33), followed by Bosnia and Herzegovina (23), Greece (19), Armenia (17), Belgium (17), North Macedonia (17), Serbia (17), Cyprus (14), Portugal (14) and Romania (12).
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Spain (100%) had the highest percentage of only partially or non-implemented recommendations, followed by Portugal (93%), Belgium (89%), Turkey (89%), Cyprus (88%), Denmark (83%), Lithuania (77%) and Greece (76%).
Cyprus was among the countries with the highest number of non-implemented recommendations in respect of parliamentarians.
Romania was the country with the highest number of non-implemented recommendations (6), followed by Poland (5), Cyprus (4), Serbia (4), Turkey (4), Belgium (3), Latvia (3) and North Macedonia (3).
Moreover, Cyprus was among the 16 countries (Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Germany, Lithuania, Malta, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Turkey) which had not yet fully complied with any of GRECO´s recommendations in respect to MPs.
In addition, Cyprus was among the countries with the highest proportion of non-implemented recommendations when it came to MPs.
Poland had the highest proportion of non-implemented recommendations in respect of MPs (83%), followed by Serbia (80%), Croatia (67), Cyprus (57%) and Turkey (57%).
Cyprus was also among the 10 countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Denmark, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Portugal, Serbia and Spain) which had not yet fully complied with any of GRECO´s recommendations in respect of judges.
In its annual report, GRECO reviews action taken by its 49 member states against corruption in 2018, notably MPs, judges and prosecutors, as well as its most recent evaluation round focused on preventing corruption in central governments and law enforcement agencies.
GRECO’s President, Marin Mr?ela, said: “No country is immune to corruption. All countries, irrespective of their position in perception indexes, are required to take concrete measures to prevent and counter corruption. Relying on perceptions and underestimating the strength of preventive measures leaves the door open to behaviours which may very quickly turn into corruption.”
Overall, the implementation of GRECO recommendations slowed in 2018: only 34% of recommendations had been fully implemented by the end of the year.
The lowest level of compliance concerned recommendations with respect to parliamentarians (23%), whilst it was higher for those concerning judges (36%) and prosecutors (45%).
GRECO warned that public perceptions of low levels of corruption in certain countries may lead to underestimating the need for measures to combat corrupt practices.
GRECO also expressed concern about the overall slow progress in implementing its recommendations and called on states to address them without delay.
Council of Europe Secretary General, Thorbjørn Jagland, said: “Corruption has devastating consequences for human rights, democracy and the rule of law. Overall our member states have made progress to put in place measures to prevent and combat corruption, but much more needs to be done.
“GRECO’s recommendations are not optional. Governments, parliamentarians and other national authorities should show their commitment to fighting corruption by fully implementing GRECO´s recommendations.”